Access management in SaaS applications refers to controlling who can access the application and what actions they can perform. This is achieved through roles and permissions, which grant different access levels to other users.
With ROQ's access management, you can:
- define roles and assign them to your users
- setup permissions and enforce them on your application.
What are roles and permissions?
A role is represented by its name. For example, you may define a role called "admin" and another role called " member". You can also be more specific and use whatever term makes sense in your business, like "chef", "driver", or just "customer".
Conceptually a role is a set of permissions. Roles are assigned directly to users. In some scenarios, users have multiple roles.
You can easily read them in sentences like this:
- A user is an admin
- A user is a chef
- A user is a driver
Permissions define access to a specific type of object. For instance, you specify that a user has “read” access to the sales orders of a restaurant management software.
How it works
Roles and permissions are defined in ROQ Console. Generally, permissions grant access to objects, e.g., "a user is allowed to make an order". You can specify the access level (read, create, update and delete) and set the scope. The scope determines if a user has access to either "all" records, only the own records, or to records related to users of a user group. These permissions are automatically enforced on all UI Components and APIs of ROQ.
You can also define permissions that are applied to your project!
Some steps of preparation are needed. First, you must declare your custom domain objects with relations in ROQ Console and define your permissions based on these objects.
Technically the access management works based on a query plan which ROQ computes based on the current user's roles&permissions and your objects&relations. The SDK is caching this information locally and only refreshes it periodically. This way, your application is independent of the availability of the ROQ Platform. Furthermore, there is no need to send all your data. ROQ only needs to know the schema of your database; the actual queries will be performed on your side.
You can use two functions of the SDK in your project:
Check if a user has access to an object.
The hasAccess method returns true if a user has access to something; otherwise false. You can use it for any object, whether it's an entity from your database, a URL, or a user interface component. See hasAccess SDK for more details.
Filter down data of a query
When you retrieve data from your database, you'll often need to filter it by the user's role. For example, let’s say you have a REST endpoint called /rented-cars which returns a list of rented cars. Depending on the user's role, the result will be different: an "admin" will see all the rented cars, while a regular user will see only their rented cars. This can result in complicated WHERE conditions, especially if you have more than these two simple roles.
For this scenario, ROQ provides a query builder that automatically creates the required conditions. Using our ORM adapter, this can be easily integrated into your project. The generated queries can become quite complex if you have a deep schema. You can read more details about this method here: buildQueryPlan SDK
A role has a name and a reference. The name should describe the role in an understandable way, like "admin", "chef" or " driver". We recommend using the terminology of your business to avoid confusion.
Roles can be managed in ROQ Console.
Permissions are defined for each role individually. How you configure permissions varies depending on whether they are applied on your project side or at ROQ, but you'll still use the same roles for both systems.
ROQ Platform permissions
Permissions that are applied on ROQ's side are defined similarly. The paths are already pre-defined, so you don't need to set them up, but the scope needs to be defined differently.
|All||The user is allowed to access all records|
|Own||The access is restricted to records that are directly related to a user|
|Tenant||The access is restricted to records that are related to the user's tenant|